Installing the latest release¶
Installing PyCaret is the first step towards building your first machine learning model in PyCaret. Installation is easy and takes only a few minutes. All hard dependencies are also installed with PyCaret. Click here to see the complete list of hard dependencies.
In order to avoid potential conflicts with other packages, it is strongly recommended to use a virtual environment, e.g. python3 virtualenv (see python3 virtualenv documentation) or conda environments. Using an isolated environment makes it possible to install a specific version of pycaret and its dependencies independently of any previously installed Python packages. See an example below of how to create a conda environment and install PyCaret.
# create a conda environment conda create --name yourenvname python=3.6 # activate conda environment conda activate yourenvname # install pycaret pip install pycaret # create notebook kernel connected with the conda environment python -m ipykernel install --user --name yourenvname --display-name "display-name"
Installing the full version¶
PyCaret’s default installation is a slim version of pycaret which only installs hard dependencies that are listed here. To install the full version of pycaret, use the following command:
# install the full version of pycaret pip install pycaret[full]
Installing the nightly build¶
PyCaret is a fast-evolving machine learning library. Often, you want to have access to the latest features but want to avoid compiling PyCaret from source or waiting for the next release. Fortunately, you can now install pycaret-nightly using pip.
# install the nightly build pip install pycaret-nightly # or install the full version of the nightly build pip install pycaret-nightly[full]
PyCaret on GPU¶
PyCaret >= 2.2 provides the option to use GPU for select model training and hyperparameter tuning. There is no change in the use of the API, however, in some cases, additional libraries have to be installed as they are not installed with the default slim version or the full version. The following estimators can be trained on GPU.
Extreme Gradient Boosting (requires no further installation)
CatBoost (requires no further installation)
Light Gradient Boosting Machine (requires GPU installation: https://lightgbm.readthedocs.io/en/latest/GPU-Tutorial.html)
Logistic Regression, Ridge Classifier, Random Forest, K Neighbors Classifier, K Neighbors Regressor, Support Vector Machine, Linear Regression, Ridge Regression, Lasso Regression (requires cuML >= 0.15 https://github.com/rapidsai/cuml)
If you are using Google Colab you can install Light Gradient Boosting Machine for GPU but first you have to uninstall LightGBM on CPU. Use the below command to do that:
# uninstall lightgbm CPU pip uninstall lightgbm -y # install lightgbm GPU pip install lightgbm --install-option=--gpu --install-option="--opencl-include-dir=/usr/local/cuda/include/" --install-option="--opencl-library=/usr/local/cuda/lib64/libOpenCL.so"
CatBoost is only enabled on GPU when dataset has > 50,000 rows.
cuML >= 0.15 cannot be installed on Google Colab. Instead use blazingSQL which comes pre-installed with cuML 0.15. Use following command to install pycaret:
# install pycaret !/opt/conda-environments/rapids-stable/bin/python -m pip install --upgrade pycaret
Recommended environment for use¶
You can use PyCaret in your choice of Integrated Development Environment (IDE) but since it uses html and several other interactive widgets, it is optimized for use within a notebook environment, be it Jupyter Notebook, Jupyter Lab, Azure Notebooks or Google Colab.
Run PyCaret on a Docker Container¶
A Docker container runs in a virtual environment and is the easiest way to deploy applications using PyCaret. Dockerfile from base image python:3.7 and python:3.7-slim is tested for PyCaret >= 2.0.
FROM python:3.7-slim WORKDIR /app ADD . /app RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y libgomp1 RUN pip install --trusted-host pypi.python.org -r requirements.txt CMD pytest #replace it with your entry point.