Anomaly Detection

class pycaret.anomaly.AnomalyExperiment
predict_model(estimator, data: DataFrame, ml_usecase: Optional[MLUsecase] = None) DataFrame

This function generates anomaly labels on using a trained model.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> knn_predictions = predict_model(model = knn, data = unseen_data)
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained Model Object.

datapandas.DataFrame

Shape (n_samples, n_features) where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

Returns

pandas.DataFrame

Warning

  • The behavior of the predict_model is changed in version 2.1 without backward compatibility.

As such, the pipelines trained using the version (<= 2.0), may not work for inference with version >= 2.1. You can either retrain your models with a newer version or downgrade the version for inference.

plot_model(estimator, plot: str = 'auc', scale: float = 1, save: Union[str, bool] = False, fold: Optional[Union[int, Any]] = None, fit_kwargs: Optional[dict] = None, plot_kwargs: Optional[dict] = None, groups: Optional[Union[str, Any]] = None, feature_name: Optional[str] = None, label: bool = False, use_train_data: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, display_format: Optional[str] = None) Optional[str]

This function analyzes the performance of a trained model.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> plot_model(knn, plot = 'tsne')
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained Model Object

plot: str, default = ‘tsne’

List of available plots (ID - Name):

  • ‘tsne’ - t-SNE (3d) Dimension Plot

  • ‘umap’ - UMAP Dimensionality Plot

feature: str, default = None

Feature to be used as a hoverover tooltip and/or label when the label param is set to True. When feature is None, first column of the dataset is used.

label: bool, default = False

Name of column to be used as data labels.

scale: float, default = 1

The resolution scale of the figure.

save: bool, default = False

When set to True, plot is saved in the current working directory.

display_format: str, default = None

To display plots in Streamlit (https://www.streamlit.io/), set this to ‘streamlit’. Currently, not all plots are supported.

Returns

Path to saved file, if any.

pycaret.anomaly.setup(data: Union[dict, list, tuple, ndarray, spmatrix, DataFrame], index: Union[bool, int, str, list, tuple, ndarray, Series] = False, ordinal_features: Optional[Dict[str, list]] = None, numeric_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, categorical_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, date_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, text_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, ignore_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, keep_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, preprocess: bool = True, create_date_columns: List[str] = ['day', 'month', 'year'], imputation_type: Optional[str] = 'simple', numeric_imputation: str = 'mean', categorical_imputation: str = 'mode', text_features_method: str = 'tf-idf', max_encoding_ohe: int = -1, encoding_method: Optional[Any] = None, rare_to_value: Optional[float] = None, rare_value: str = 'rare', polynomial_features: bool = False, polynomial_degree: int = 2, low_variance_threshold: Optional[float] = None, group_features: Optional[list] = None, group_names: Optional[Union[str, list]] = None, remove_multicollinearity: bool = False, multicollinearity_threshold: float = 0.9, bin_numeric_features: Optional[List[str]] = None, remove_outliers: bool = False, outliers_method: str = 'iforest', outliers_threshold: float = 0.05, transformation: bool = False, transformation_method: str = 'yeo-johnson', normalize: bool = False, normalize_method: str = 'zscore', pca: bool = False, pca_method: str = 'linear', pca_components: Optional[Union[int, float, str]] = None, custom_pipeline: Optional[Any] = None, custom_pipeline_position: int = -1, n_jobs: Optional[int] = -1, use_gpu: bool = False, html: bool = True, session_id: Optional[int] = None, system_log: Union[bool, str, Logger] = True, log_experiment: Union[bool, str, BaseLogger, List[Union[str, BaseLogger]]] = False, experiment_name: Optional[str] = None, experiment_custom_tags: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None, log_plots: Union[bool, list] = False, log_profile: bool = False, log_data: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, memory: Union[bool, str, Memory] = True, profile: bool = False, profile_kwargs: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None)

This function initializes the training environment and creates the transformation pipeline. Setup function must be called before executing any other function. It takes one mandatory parameter: data. All the other parameters are optional.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
data: dataframe-like

Data set with shape (n_samples, n_features), where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features. If data is not a pandas dataframe, it’s converted to one using default column names.

index: bool, int, str or sequence, default = False
Handle indices in the data dataframe.
  • If False: Reset to RangeIndex.

  • If True: Keep the provided index.

  • If int: Position of the column to use as index.

  • If str: Name of the column to use as index.

  • If sequence: Array with shape=(n_samples,) to use as index.

ordinal_features: dict, default = None

Categorical features to be encoded ordinally. For example, a categorical feature with ‘low’, ‘medium’, ‘high’ values where low < medium < high can be passed as ordinal_features = {‘column_name’ : [‘low’, ‘medium’, ‘high’]}.

numeric_features: list of str, default = None

If the inferred data types are not correct, the numeric_features param can be used to define the data types. It takes a list of strings with column names that are numeric.

categorical_features: list of str, default = None

If the inferred data types are not correct, the categorical_features param can be used to define the data types. It takes a list of strings with column names that are categorical.

date_features: list of str, default = None

If the inferred data types are not correct, the date_features param can be used to overwrite the data types. It takes a list of strings with column names that are DateTime.

text_features: list of str, default = None

Column names that contain a text corpus. If None, no text features are selected.

ignore_features: list of str, default = None

ignore_features param can be used to ignore features during preprocessing and model training. It takes a list of strings with column names that are to be ignored.

keep_features: list of str, default = None

keep_features param can be used to always keep specific features during preprocessing, i.e. these features are never dropped by any kind of feature selection. It takes a list of strings with column names that are to be kept.

preprocess: bool, default = True

When set to False, no transformations are applied except for train_test_split and custom transformations passed in custom_pipeline param. Data must be ready for modeling (no missing values, no dates, categorical data encoding), when preprocess is set to False.

create_date_columns: list of str, default = [“day”, “month”, “year”]

Columns to create from the date features. Note that created features with zero variance (e.g. the feature hour in a column that only contains dates) are ignored. Allowed values are datetime attributes from pandas.Series.dt. The datetime format of the feature is inferred automatically from the first non NaN value.

imputation_type: str or None, default = ‘simple’

The type of imputation to use. Unsupervised learning only supports ‘imputation_type=simple’. If None, no imputation of missing values is performed.

numeric_imputation: str, default = ‘mean’

Missing values in numeric features are imputed with ‘mean’ value of the feature in the training dataset. The other available option is ‘median’ or ‘zero’.

categorical_imputation: str, default = ‘constant’

Missing values in categorical features are imputed with a constant ‘not_available’ value. The other available option is ‘mode’.

text_features_method: str, default = “tf-idf”

Method with which to embed the text features in the dataset. Choose between “bow” (Bag of Words - CountVectorizer) or “tf-idf” (TfidfVectorizer). Be aware that the sparse matrix output of the transformer is converted internally to its full array. This can cause memory issues for large text embeddings.

max_encoding_ohe: int, default = -1

Categorical columns with max_encoding_ohe or less unique values are encoded using OneHotEncoding. If more, the encoding_method estimator is used. Note that columns with exactly two classes are always encoded ordinally. Set to below 0 to always use OneHotEncoding.

encoding_method: category-encoders estimator, default = None

A category-encoders estimator to encode the categorical columns with more than max_encoding_ohe unique values. If None, category_encoders.leave_one_out.LeaveOneOutEncoder is used.

rare_to_value: float or None, default=None

Minimum fraction of category occurrences in a categorical column. If a category is less frequent than rare_to_value * len(X), it is replaced with the string other. Use this parameter to group rare categories before encoding the column. If None, ignores this step.

polynomial_features: bool, default = False

When set to True, new features are derived using existing numeric features.

polynomial_degree: int, default = 2

Degree of polynomial features. For example, if an input sample is two dimensional and of the form [a, b], the polynomial features with degree = 2 are: [1, a, b, a^2, ab, b^2]. Ignored when polynomial_features is not True.

low_variance_threshold: float or None, default = 0

Remove features with a training-set variance lower than the provided threshold. The default is to keep all features with non-zero variance, i.e. remove the features that have the same value in all samples. If None, skip this transformation step.

group_features: list, list of lists or None, default = None

When the dataset contains features with related characteristics, replace those fetaures with the following statistical properties of that group: min, max, mean, std, median and mode. The parameter takes a list of feature names or a list of lists of feature names to specify multiple groups.

group_names: str, list, or None, default = None

Group names to be used when naming the new features. The length should match with the number of groups specified in group_features. If None, new features are named using the default form, e.g. group_1, group_2, etc… Ignored when group_features is None.

remove_multicollinearity: bool, default = False

When set to True, features with the inter-correlations higher than the defined threshold are removed. For each group, it removes all except the first feature.

multicollinearity_threshold: float, default = 0.9

Minimum absolute Pearson correlation to identify correlated features. The default value removes equal columns. Ignored when remove_multicollinearity is not True.

bin_numeric_features: list of str, default = None

To convert numeric features into categorical, bin_numeric_features parameter can be used. It takes a list of strings with column names to be discretized. It does so by using ‘sturges’ rule to determine the number of clusters and then apply KMeans algorithm. Original values of the feature are then replaced by the cluster label.

remove_outliers: bool, default = False

When set to True, outliers from the training data are removed using an Isolation Forest.

outliers_method: str, default = “iforest”
Method with which to remove outliers. Possible values are:
  • ‘iforest’: Uses sklearn’s IsolationForest.

  • ‘ee’: Uses sklearn’s EllipticEnvelope.

  • ‘lof’: Uses sklearn’s LocalOutlierFactor.

outliers_threshold: float, default = 0.05

The percentage outliers to be removed from the dataset. Ignored when remove_outliers=False.

transformation: bool, default = False

When set to True, it applies the power transform to make data more Gaussian-like. Type of transformation is defined by the transformation_method parameter.

transformation_method: str, default = ‘yeo-johnson’

Defines the method for transformation. By default, the transformation method is set to ‘yeo-johnson’. The other available option for transformation is ‘quantile’. Ignored when transformation is not True.

normalize: bool, default = False

When set to True, it transforms the features by scaling them to a given range. Type of scaling is defined by the normalize_method parameter.

normalize_method: str, default = ‘zscore’

Defines the method for scaling. By default, normalize method is set to ‘zscore’ The standard zscore is calculated as z = (x - u) / s. Ignored when normalize is not True. The other options are:

  • minmax: scales and translates each feature individually such that it is in the range of 0 - 1.

  • maxabs: scales and translates each feature individually such that the maximal absolute value of each feature will be 1.0. It does not shift/center the data, and thus does not destroy any sparsity.

  • robust: scales and translates each feature according to the Interquartile range. When the dataset contains outliers, robust scaler often gives better results.

pca: bool, default = False

When set to True, dimensionality reduction is applied to project the data into a lower dimensional space using the method defined in pca_method parameter.

pca_method: str, default = ‘linear’
Method with which to apply PCA. Possible values are:
  • ‘linear’: Uses Singular Value Decomposition.

  • ‘kernel’: Dimensionality reduction through the use of RBF kernel.

  • ‘incremental’: Similar to ‘linear’, but more efficient for large datasets.

pca_components: int, float, str or None, default = None
Number of components to keep. This parameter is ignored when pca=False.
  • If None: All components are kept.

  • If int: Absolute number of components.

  • If float: Such an amount that the variance that needs to be explained

    is greater than the percentage specified by n_components. Value should lie between 0 and 1 (ony for pca_method=’linear’).

  • If “mle”: Minka’s MLE is used to guess the dimension (ony for pca_method=’linear’).

custom_pipeline: list of (str, transformer), dict or Pipeline, default = None

Addidiotnal custom transformers. If passed, they are applied to the pipeline last, after all the build-in transformers.

custom_pipeline_position: int, default = -1

Position of the custom pipeline in the overal preprocessing pipeline. The default value adds the custom pipeline last.

n_jobs: int, default = -1

The number of jobs to run in parallel (for functions that supports parallel processing) -1 means using all processors. To run all functions on single processor set n_jobs to None.

use_gpu: bool or str, default = False

When set to True, it will use GPU for training with algorithms that support it, and fall back to CPU if they are unavailable. When set to ‘force’, it will only use GPU-enabled algorithms and raise exceptions when they are unavailable. When False, all algorithms are trained using CPU only.

GPU enabled algorithms:

  • None at this moment.

html: bool, default = True

When set to False, prevents runtime display of monitor. This must be set to False when the environment does not support IPython. For example, command line terminal, Databricks Notebook, Spyder and other similar IDEs.

session_id: int, default = None

Controls the randomness of experiment. It is equivalent to ‘random_state’ in scikit-learn. When None, a pseudo random number is generated. This can be used for later reproducibility of the entire experiment.

system_log: bool or str or logging.Logger, default = True

Whether to save the system logging file (as logs.log). If the input is a string, use that as the path to the logging file. If the input already is a logger object, use that one instead.

log_experiment: bool, default = False

A (list of) PyCaret BaseLogger or str (one of ‘mlflow’, ‘wandb’) corresponding to a logger to determine which experiment loggers to use. Setting to True will use just MLFlow.

experiment_name: str, default = None

Name of the experiment for logging. Ignored when log_experiment is False.

experiment_custom_tags: dict or None, default = None

Dictionary of tag_name: String -> value: (String, but will be string-ified if not) passed to the mlflow.set_tags to add new custom tags for the experiment.

log_plots: bool or list, default = False

When set to True, certain plots are logged automatically in the MLFlow server. To change the type of plots to be logged, pass a list containing plot IDs. Refer to documentation of plot_model. Ignored when log_experiment is False.

log_profile: bool, default = False

When set to True, data profile is logged on the MLflow server as a html file. Ignored when log_experiment is False.

log_data: bool, default = False

When set to True, dataset is logged on the MLflow server as a csv file. Ignored when log_experiment is False.

verbose: bool, default = True

When set to False, Information grid is not printed.

memory: str, bool or Memory, default=True
Used to cache the fitted transformers of the pipeline.

If False: No caching is performed. If True: A default temp directory is used. If str: Path to the caching directory.

profile: bool, default = False

When set to True, an interactive EDA report is displayed.

profile_kwargs: dict, default = {} (empty dict)

Dictionary of arguments passed to the ProfileReport method used to create the EDA report. Ignored if profile is False.

Returns

Global variables that can be changed using the set_config function.

pycaret.anomaly.create_model(model: Union[str, Any], fraction: float = 0.05, verbose: bool = True, fit_kwargs: Optional[dict] = None, experiment_custom_tags: Optional[Dict[str, Any]] = None, **kwargs)

This function trains a given model from the model library. All available models can be accessed using the models function.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
model: str or scikit-learn compatible object

ID of an model available in the model library or pass an untrained model object consistent with scikit-learn API. Estimators available in the model library (ID - Name):

  • ‘abod’ - Angle-base Outlier Detection

  • ‘cluster’ - Clustering-Based Local Outlier

  • ‘cof’ - Connectivity-Based Outlier Factor

  • ‘histogram’ - Histogram-based Outlier Detection

  • ‘iforest’ - Isolation Forest

  • ‘knn’ - k-Nearest Neighbors Detector

  • ‘lof’ - Local Outlier Factor

  • ‘svm’ - One-class SVM detector

  • ‘pca’ - Principal Component Analysis

  • ‘mcd’ - Minimum Covariance Determinant

  • ‘sod’ - Subspace Outlier Detection

  • ‘sos’ - Stochastic Outlier Selection

fraction: float, default = 0.05

The amount of contamination of the data set, i.e. the proportion of outliers in the data set. Used when fitting to define the threshold on the decision function.

verbose: bool, default = True

Status update is not printed when verbose is set to False.

experiment_custom_tags: dict, default = None

Dictionary of tag_name: String -> value: (String, but will be string-ified if not) passed to the mlflow.set_tags to add new custom tags for the experiment.

fit_kwargs: dict, default = {} (empty dict)

Dictionary of arguments passed to the fit method of the model.

**kwargs:

Additional keyword arguments to pass to the estimator.

Returns

Trained Model

pycaret.anomaly.assign_model(model, transformation: bool = False, score: bool = True, verbose: bool = True) DataFrame

This function assigns anomaly labels to the dataset for a given model. (1 = outlier, 0 = inlier).

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> knn_df = assign_model(knn)
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained model object

transformation: bool, default = False

Whether to apply anomaly labels on the transformed dataset.

score: bool, default = True

Whether to show outlier score or not.

verbose: bool, default = True

Status update is not printed when verbose is set to False.

Returns

pandas.DataFrame

pycaret.anomaly.tune_model(model, supervised_target: str, supervised_type: Optional[str] = None, supervised_estimator: Union[str, Any] = 'lr', method: str = 'drop', optimize: Optional[str] = None, custom_grid: Optional[List[int]] = None, fold: int = 10, fit_kwargs: Optional[dict] = None, groups: Optional[Union[str, Any]] = None, round: int = 4, verbose: bool = True)

This function tunes the fraction parameter of a given model.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> juice = get_data('juice')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = juice)
>>> tuned_knn = tune_model(model = 'knn', supervised_target = 'Purchase')
model: str

ID of an model available in the model library. Models that can be tuned in this function (ID - Model):

  • ‘abod’ - Angle-base Outlier Detection

  • ‘cluster’ - Clustering-Based Local Outlier

  • ‘cof’ - Connectivity-Based Outlier Factor

  • ‘histogram’ - Histogram-based Outlier Detection

  • ‘iforest’ - Isolation Forest

  • ‘knn’ - k-Nearest Neighbors Detector

  • ‘lof’ - Local Outlier Factor

  • ‘svm’ - One-class SVM detector

  • ‘pca’ - Principal Component Analysis

  • ‘mcd’ - Minimum Covariance Determinant

  • ‘sod’ - Subspace Outlier Detection

  • ‘sos’ - Stochastic Outlier Selection

supervised_target: str

Name of the target column containing labels.

supervised_type: str, default = None

Type of task. ‘classification’ or ‘regression’. Automatically inferred when None.

supervised_estimator: str, default = None
Classification (ID - Name):
  • ‘lr’ - Logistic Regression (Default)

  • ‘knn’ - K Nearest Neighbour

  • ‘nb’ - Naive Bayes

  • ‘dt’ - Decision Tree Classifier

  • ‘svm’ - SVM - Linear Kernel

  • ‘rbfsvm’ - SVM - Radial Kernel

  • ‘gpc’ - Gaussian Process Classifier

  • ‘mlp’ - Multi Level Perceptron

  • ‘ridge’ - Ridge Classifier

  • ‘rf’ - Random Forest Classifier

  • ‘qda’ - Quadratic Discriminant Analysis

  • ‘ada’ - Ada Boost Classifier

  • ‘gbc’ - Gradient Boosting Classifier

  • ‘lda’ - Linear Discriminant Analysis

  • ‘et’ - Extra Trees Classifier

  • ‘xgboost’ - Extreme Gradient Boosting

  • ‘lightgbm’ - Light Gradient Boosting

  • ‘catboost’ - CatBoost Classifier

Regression (ID - Name):
  • ‘lr’ - Linear Regression (Default)

  • ‘lasso’ - Lasso Regression

  • ‘ridge’ - Ridge Regression

  • ‘en’ - Elastic Net

  • ‘lar’ - Least Angle Regression

  • ‘llar’ - Lasso Least Angle Regression

  • ‘omp’ - Orthogonal Matching Pursuit

  • ‘br’ - Bayesian Ridge

  • ‘ard’ - Automatic Relevance Determ.

  • ‘par’ - Passive Aggressive Regressor

  • ‘ransac’ - Random Sample Consensus

  • ‘tr’ - TheilSen Regressor

  • ‘huber’ - Huber Regressor

  • ‘kr’ - Kernel Ridge

  • ‘svm’ - Support Vector Machine

  • ‘knn’ - K Neighbors Regressor

  • ‘dt’ - Decision Tree

  • ‘rf’ - Random Forest

  • ‘et’ - Extra Trees Regressor

  • ‘ada’ - AdaBoost Regressor

  • ‘gbr’ - Gradient Boosting

  • ‘mlp’ - Multi Level Perceptron

  • ‘xgboost’ - Extreme Gradient Boosting

  • ‘lightgbm’ - Light Gradient Boosting

  • ‘catboost’ - CatBoost Regressor

method: str, default = ‘drop’

When method set to drop, it will drop the outliers from training dataset. When ‘surrogate’, it uses decision function and label as a feature during training.

optimize: str, default = None
For Classification tasks:

Accuracy, AUC, Recall, Precision, F1, Kappa (default = ‘Accuracy’)

For Regression tasks:

MAE, MSE, RMSE, R2, RMSLE, MAPE (default = ‘R2’)

custom_grid: list, default = None

By default, a pre-defined list of fraction values is iterated over to optimize the supervised objective. To overwrite default iteration, pass a list of fraction value to iterate over in custom_grid param.

fold: int, default = 10

Number of folds to be used in Kfold CV. Must be at least 2.

verbose: bool, default = True

Status update is not printed when verbose is set to False.

Returns

Trained Model with optimized fraction parameter.

pycaret.anomaly.plot_model(model, plot: str = 'tsne', feature: Optional[str] = None, label: bool = False, scale: float = 1, save: bool = False, display_format: Optional[str] = None) Optional[str]

This function analyzes the performance of a trained model.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> plot_model(knn, plot = 'tsne')
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained Model Object

plot: str, default = ‘tsne’

List of available plots (ID - Name):

  • ‘tsne’ - t-SNE (3d) Dimension Plot

  • ‘umap’ - UMAP Dimensionality Plot

feature: str, default = None

Feature to be used as a hoverover tooltip and/or label when the label param is set to True. When feature is None, first column of the dataset is used.

label: bool, default = False

Name of column to be used as data labels.

scale: float, default = 1

The resolution scale of the figure.

save: bool, default = False

When set to True, plot is saved in the current working directory.

display_format: str, default = None

To display plots in Streamlit (https://www.streamlit.io/), set this to ‘streamlit’. Currently, not all plots are supported.

Returns

Path to saved file, if any.

pycaret.anomaly.evaluate_model(model, feature: Optional[str] = None, fit_kwargs: Optional[dict] = None)

This function displays a user interface for analyzing performance of a trained model. It calls the plot_model function internally.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> evaluate_model(knn)
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained model object

feature: str, default = None

Feature to be used as a hoverover tooltip and/or label when the label param is set to True. When feature is None, first column of the dataset is used by default.

fit_kwargs: dict, default = {} (empty dict)

Dictionary of arguments passed to the fit method of the model.

Returns

None

Warning

  • This function only works in IPython enabled Notebook.

pycaret.anomaly.predict_model(model, data: DataFrame) DataFrame

This function generates anomaly labels on using a trained model.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> knn_predictions = predict_model(model = knn, data = unseen_data)
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained Model Object.

datapandas.DataFrame

Shape (n_samples, n_features) where n_samples is the number of samples and n_features is the number of features.

Returns

pandas.DataFrame

Warning

  • The behavior of the predict_model is changed in version 2.1 without backward compatibility. As such, the pipelines trained using the version (<= 2.0), may not work for inference with version >= 2.1. You can either retrain your models with a newer version or downgrade the version for inference.

pycaret.anomaly.deploy_model(model, model_name: str, authentication: dict, platform: str = 'aws')

This function deploys the transformation pipeline and trained model on cloud.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> # sets appropriate credentials for the platform as environment variables
>>> import os
>>> os.environ["AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID"] = str("foo")
>>> os.environ["AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY"] = str("bar")
>>> deploy_model(model = knn, model_name = 'knn-for-deployment', platform = 'aws', authentication = {'bucket' : 'S3-bucket-name'})
Amazon Web Service (AWS) users:

To deploy a model on AWS S3 (‘aws’), the credentials have to be passed. The easiest way is to use environment variables in your local environment. Following information from the IAM portal of amazon console account are required:

  • AWS Access Key ID

  • AWS Secret Key Access

More info: https://boto3.amazonaws.com/v1/documentation/api/latest/guide/credentials.html#environment-variables

Google Cloud Platform (GCP) users:

To deploy a model on Google Cloud Platform (‘gcp’), project must be created using command line or GCP console. Once project is created, you must create a service account and download the service account key as a JSON file to set environment variables in your local environment.

More info: https://cloud.google.com/docs/authentication/production

Microsoft Azure (Azure) users:

To deploy a model on Microsoft Azure (‘azure’), environment variables for connection string must be set in your local environment. Go to settings of storage account on Azure portal to access the connection string required.

  • AZURE_STORAGE_CONNECTION_STRING (required as environment variable)

More info: https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/blobs/storage-quickstart-blobs-python?toc=%2Fpython%2Fazure%2FTOC.json

model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained model object

model_name: str

Name of model.

authentication: dict

Dictionary of applicable authentication tokens.

When platform = ‘aws’: {‘bucket’ : ‘S3-bucket-name’, ‘path’: (optional) folder name under the bucket}

When platform = ‘gcp’: {‘project’: ‘gcp-project-name’, ‘bucket’ : ‘gcp-bucket-name’}

When platform = ‘azure’: {‘container’: ‘azure-container-name’}

platform: str, default = ‘aws’

Name of the platform. Currently supported platforms: ‘aws’, ‘gcp’ and ‘azure’.

Returns

None

pycaret.anomaly.save_model(model, model_name: str, model_only: bool = False, verbose: bool = True, **kwargs)

This function saves the transformation pipeline and trained model object into the current working directory as a pickle file for later use.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> save_model(knn, 'saved_knn_model')
model: scikit-learn compatible object

Trained model object

model_name: str

Name of the model.

model_only: bool, default = False

When set to True, only trained model object is saved instead of the entire pipeline.

verbose: bool, default = True

Success message is not printed when verbose is set to False.

**kwargs:

Additional keyword arguments to pass to joblib.dump().

Returns

Tuple of the model object and the filename.

pycaret.anomaly.load_model(model_name: str, platform: Optional[str] = None, authentication: Optional[Dict[str, str]] = None, verbose: bool = True)

This function loads a previously saved pipeline.

Example

>>> from pycaret.anomaly import load_model
>>> saved_knn = load_model('saved_knn_model')
model_name: str

Name of the model.

platform: str, default = None

Name of the cloud platform. Currently supported platforms: ‘aws’, ‘gcp’ and ‘azure’.

authentication: dict, default = None

dictionary of applicable authentication tokens.

when platform = ‘aws’: {‘bucket’ : ‘Name of Bucket on S3’, ‘path’: (optional) folder name under the bucket}

when platform = ‘gcp’: {‘project’: ‘gcp-project-name’, ‘bucket’ : ‘gcp-bucket-name’}

when platform = ‘azure’: {‘container’: ‘azure-container-name’}

verbose: bool, default = True

Success message is not printed when verbose is set to False.

Returns

Trained Model

pycaret.anomaly.pull(pop: bool = False) DataFrame

Returns the latest displayed table.

Parameters

pop (bool, default = False) – If true, will pop (remove) the returned dataframe from the display container.

Returns

Equivalent to get_config(‘display_container’)[-1]

Return type

pandas.DataFrame

pycaret.anomaly.models(internal: bool = False, raise_errors: bool = True) DataFrame

Returns table of models available in the model library.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> all_models = models()
internal: bool, default = False

If True, will return extra columns and rows used internally.

raise_errors: bool, default = True

If False, will suppress all exceptions, ignoring models that couldn’t be created.

Returns

pandas.DataFrame

pycaret.anomaly.get_logs(experiment_name: Optional[str] = None, save: bool = False) DataFrame

Returns a table of experiment logs. Only works when log_experiment is True when initializing the setup function.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly,  log_experiment = True)
>>> knn = create_model('knn')
>>> exp_logs = get_logs()
experiment_name: str, default = None

When None current active run is used.

save: bool, default = False

When set to True, csv file is saved in current working directory.

Returns

pandas.DataFrame

pycaret.anomaly.get_config(variable: str)

This function is used to access global environment variables.

Example

>>> X_train = get_config('X_train')

This will return X_train transformed dataset.

Return type

variable

pycaret.anomaly.set_config(variable: str, value)

This function is used to reset global environment variables.

Example

>>> set_config('seed', 123)

This will set the global seed to ‘123’.

pycaret.anomaly.save_config(file_name: str)

This function save all global variables to a pickle file, allowing to later resume without rerunning the setup.

Example

>>> from pycaret.datasets import get_data
>>> anomaly = get_data('anomaly')
>>> from pycaret.anomaly import *
>>> exp_name = setup(data = anomaly)
>>> save_config('myvars.pkl')
Returns

None

pycaret.anomaly.load_config(file_name: str)

This function loads global variables from a pickle file into Python environment.

Example

>>> from pycaret.anomaly import load_config
>>> load_config('myvars.pkl')
Returns

Global variables

pycaret.anomaly.set_current_experiment(experiment: AnomalyExperiment)

Set the current experiment to be used with the functional API.

experiment: AnomalyExperiment

Experiment object to use.

Returns

None